Perkament, parchemin, parchment, Pergament

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Artikelen in encyclopedia

Català
[?], "Pergamí", Viquipèdia: l'enciclopèdia lliure
https://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergam%C3%AD

[?], "Vitel·la", Viquipèdia: l'enciclopèdia lliure
https://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitel%C2%B7la

Dansk
[?], "Pergament", Wikipedia: den frie encyklopædi
https://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergament

[?], "Velin", Wikipedia: den frie encyklopædi
https://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velin

Deutsch
[?], "Pergament", Wikipedia: die freie Enzyklopädie
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergament

[?], "Vellum", Wikipedia: die freie Enzyklopädie
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellum

English
[?], "Parchment (writing material)", Encyclopædia Britannica
www.britannica.com/topic/parchment

[?], "Parchment", Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parchment

[?], "Parchment", Simple English Wikipedia
https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parchment

[?], "Vellum (writing material)", Encyclopædia Britannica
https://www.britannica.com/topic/vellum

[?], "Vellum", Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellum

Espagñol
[?], "Pergamino", Wikipedia: la enciclopedia libre
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergamino

[?], "Vitela", Wikipedia: la enciclopedia libre
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitela

Français
[?], "Parchemin", Wikipédia: l'encyclopédie libre
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parchemin

[?], "Vélin", Wikipédia: l'encyclopédie libre
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/V%C3%A9lin

Frysk
[?], "Perkamint", Wikipedy: de frije ensyklopedy
https://fy.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perkamint

Italiano
[?], "Pergamena", Wikipedia: l'enciclopedia libera
https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergamena

[?], "Vellum", Wikipedia: l'enciclopedia libera
https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellum

Latina
[?], "Membrana (ars scribendi)", Vicipædia: libera encyclopaedia
https://la.wikipedia.org/wiki/Membrana_(ars_scribendi)

Nederlands
[?], "abortief perkament", Algemeen letterkundig lexicon
https://www.dbnl.org/tekst/dela012alge01_01/dela012alge01_01_00095.php

[?], "Perkament", Wikipedia: de vrije encyclopedie
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perkament

[?], "perkament", Algemeen letterkundig lexicon
https://www.dbnl.org/tekst/dela012alge01_01/dela012alge01_01_01547.php

[?], "Vellum", Wikipedia: de vrije encyclopedie
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellum

[?], "vellum", Algemeen letterkundig lexicon
https://www.dbnl.org/tekst/dela012alge01_01/dela012alge01_01_02179.php

Norsk
[?], "Pergament", Wikipedia: den frie encyklopedi
https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergament

[?], "Vellum", Wikipedia: den frie encyklopedi
https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellum

Português
[?], "Papel velino", Wikipédia: a enciclopédie livre
https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papel_velino

[?], "Pergaminho", Wikipédia: a enciclopédie livre
https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergaminho

Svenska
[?], "Pergament", Wikipedia: den fria encyklopedin
https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pergament

[?], "Veläng", Wikipedia: den fria encyklopedin
https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vel%C3%A4ng


Artikelen in periodieken

2019 Zhang
S. Zhang, "The Lab Discovering DNA in Old Books", The Atlantic, ___ (2019 feb 19 + 24) ____ pp.___-___
https://www.msn.com/en-xl/asia/tech-science/the-lab-discovering-dna-in-old-books/ar-BBU2JhZ?srcref=rss
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/02/dna-books-artifacts/582814/

2015 Skin
[?], "Skin deep: researchers solve mystery of parchment origins", Technology.org, 2015 dec 07 (Source: University of Virginia)
https://www.technology.org/2015/12/07/skin-deep-researchers-solve-mystery-of-parchment-origins/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+TechnologyOrg+%28Technology+Org+-+All+News%29

2015 Garner-York
D. Garner-York, "How Early Pocket Bibles Got Such Thin Pages", Futurity, 2015 nov 24
https://www.futurity.org/skin-vellum-pocket-bibles-1055602-2/

2015 Pearson
G. Pearson, "New technique unlocks the mystery meats used to make ‘uterine vellum’ for ancient books" (Science), The Washington Post, ___ (2015 nov 23) ____ p.____
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2015/11/23/new-technique-unlocks-the-mystery-meats-used-to-make-uterine-vellum-for-ancient-books/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.509e00ef9304

2015 Radford
T. Radford, "Scientists finally get under the skin of a 13th-century publishing mystery: The ultra-thin ‘uterine’ vellum of medieval books has puzzled scientists for years. Is it really made of foetal tissue? Scientists have found the truth at last" (Archaeology),
The Guardian, ___ (2015 nov 23) ____ p.____ (Last modified 22 Feb 2018)
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/nov/23/scientists-get-under-skin-13th-century-mystery-vellum-vulgate-bible

2015 Fiddyment, Holsinger, Ruzzier
S. Fiddyment, B. Holsinger, C. Ruzzier, e.a.,
"Animal origin of 13th-century uterine vellum revealed using noninvasive peptide fingerprinting",
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 12 (2015 dec 08) 49 pp.15066-15071 (first published 2015 nov 23)
https://www.pnas.org/content/112/49/15066


Boeken

2008 Mooyer
T. Mooyer,
Inleiding cursus paleografie,
[Alkmaar], Regionaal Archief Alkmaar + [Purmerend, Waterlands Archief], [circa 2008] (44 pp.) pp.4-5
Raadpleegbaar via internet: https://www.regionaalarchiefalkmaar.nl/images/Documenten/Cursusboek-paleografie.pdf

1708 De Montfaucon, Comnenus
B. de Montfaucon (1655-1741), I. Comnenus,
Palæographia Græca, sive De ortu et progressu literarum Græcarum, et de variis omnium sæculorum scriptionis Græcæ generibus: itemque de abbreviationibus & de notis variarum artium ac disciplinarum [...] Additis figuris et schematibus ad fidem manuscriptorum codicum,
Parisiis, Ludovicum Guerin, 1708 (574 pp.) pp.16-17
Raadpleegbaar via internet: https://books.google.nl/books?id=zAtdAAAAcAAJ


Films en video’s

2018 Lovett
P. Lovett, Making Manuscripts: Vellum, What material did scribes use instead of paper for the pages in their books? Patricia Lovett discusses how animal skins were selected and prepared for use in medieval manuscripts, The British Library, 2018 nov 22
https://youtu.be/aEPpURAIsW4 (video 2:08)


2018 Knauber, Würdemann, Kluge
K. Knauber, R. Würdemann, M. Kluge,
“Vom Schaf zum Buch”: Ein experimenteller Workshop zur Pergamentherstellung im Mittelalter - “Materiale Textkulturen” erfahren (Universität Heidelberg), 2018 jan 24
https://youtu.be/rHgkYeajzpw?t=32s (video 0:32-3:23)


2016 Identification of parchment
ZooMS: Species identification of parchment using peptide mass finger printing, Archaeology, University of York, 2016 jan 11
https://youtu.be/xBAXaLvGe5I (video 5:15)


2016 Sánchez-Prieto
A.B. Sánchez-Prieto, Writing Materials and Book Formats 3. Parchment (Deciphering Secrets: The Illuminated Manuscripts of Medieval Europe)
=Formas y materiales: Pergamino (Descifrando los secretos de los manuscritos iluminados medievales)
2016 mrt 19: https://youtu.be/tUaVvmgidO0 (video 11:53, English)

www.academia.edu/23463510/Writing_materials_3._Parchment (PDF)
2016 jan 07: https://youtu.be/_tqBbl_Xjws (video, 12:04, Espagñol)


2013 Craft
Craft Skills Awards Highly Commended: William Cowley Parchment Works, 2013 okt 03
https://youtu.be/cX-sEx83afg (video 2:06)


2010 How
How parchment is made (Domesday), BBC Two, 2010 aug 02
https://youtu.be/2-SpLPFaRd0 (video 4:03)


1939 Making
Making Parchment (The Very Idea), British Pathé, 1939 (2014 apr 13)
https://youtu.be/XqYZwEdnfYI (video 1:58)